THE 15 MEND ME MINUTES
Laena's 15 minute core self-care routine:
5 minutes of Ayervedic self-massage
5 minutes of restorative yoga
5 minutes of mindfulness meditation
How to Meditate: An Introduction to Mindfulness
I've written this guide to help you deepen your practice, build a set of rituals for your daily life, become stronger and more resilient, and enhance your relationship with yourself.
Meditation is often done alone, which can be intimidating at first. But all forms of contemplative practice are about building a deeper self-awareness, and These tools can help you feel connected as you start your practice.
My daily resilience practice, "the mend me minutes", is a great way to create a more dynamic, structured mindfulness practice. Even practicing 5 minutes a day will be incredibly rewarding, if you do it regularly.
if you are looking for help getting started, i suggest you start with using #1, #6, or #7 in the "meditation podcasts that don't suck" list below.
LAENA'S SELF-CARE RESOURCE GUIDE
Resources for mindfulness (podcasts and meditation guides), buying herbs, oils, spices, essential oils, and herbal medicine making supplies; as well as my reference library of books for learning more about herbal medicine, essential oils, fermentation, and meditation.
40 meditation podcasts that don't suck
I've made this list so you don't have to wade through all the crazy wackos on the internets with terrible voices (not a great way to relax, imo). These podcasts are all really interesting and helpful. I've listed them in order of my own personal preference.
This is the one I listen to most often. Tara Brach is an incredible meditation teacher. This podcast has both guided meditations and lectures she gives. Her work is grounded in both Western and Eastern Buddhist thought. Her podcast is a great place to start for those looking for more information about their practice. Many of her podcast episodes are from her recent lectures, which are great as well. And she's got a nice, calm, not-annoying voice.
The Meditation Podcast was founded way back in 2006. The goal of this podcast is to help people have extraordinary meditation experiences in their everyday lives, sounds good to me! Jesse and Jeane Stern have created a great guided meditation podcast that immediately puts you into a meditative state of mind. It’s highly recommended.
Meditation Oasis is all about helping you cultivate a sense of mindfulness in your own life. Mary and Richard Maddux will guide you through various guided meditations that will help you relax. You’ll also find instructions for practicing on your own.
The Interdependence Project offers a "glimpse into 21st century Buddhism". This podcast features a wide range of guests, from, best-selling authors, to world-renown teachers and speakers. They also infuse spoken word pieces and sound collage pieces for a truly immersive and awakening listen.
The Live and Dare Podcast is a fascinating look into modern-day meditation, mindfulness, and spirituality. This podcast features a wealth of information on traditional and modern meditation practices, and how to integrate meditation into your own life. If you’re looking to deepen your meditation practice, then check this podcast out.
The Daily Meditation Podcast is home to over 400 different daily meditations. Each podcast is around 15 minutes, which is perfect for most of us.
The Meditation Minis Podcast by Chel Hamilton is a great podcast for those looking for simple guided meditations to get started with. Each podcast is designed to help with a specific facet of your life.
I Should Be Meditating is a great podcast by Alan Klima that covers all aspects of meditation. This podcast features guided meditations, talks, and much more. If you’re looking to deepen your meditation journey, then check this podcast out.
About Meditation is not only a great meditation site, but they have a podcast to go with. The OneMind Meditation Podcast is hosted by Morgan Dix and covers all aspects of the meditative experience. This podcast will help you explore meditation and mindfulness in the modern age with a variety of advice from experts and practitioners from all walks of life.
The Self Help Podcast is brought to you by Live in the Present. This podcast is dedicated to spreading emotional health and well-being. The combination of entrepreneur Edward Lamb and psychotherapist Sean Oxford is quite interesting and provides a unique perspective on what actually makes human being tick.
11. Radio Headspace
Radio Headspace is brought to you by the incredibly popular meditation app, Headspace. Their podcast touches on all aspects of the meditation experience and living a more meaningful life. You’ll find all kinds of interviews and practical advice about living a more present, purpose-filled life.
12. Buddhist Geeks
Buddhist Geeks has been around for a decade, and although they aren’t publishing new episodes their catalog is worth listening to. If you’re looking for the leading edge of Buddhism and its intersection with technology and science then this is something you’ll want to listen to. They also incorporate guests and interviews as well.
Meditation in the City is a podcast from the Shambhala Center in New York. They have a lot of different features, including, interviews, and glimpses of lectures that took place at their center. The content is very high quality and worth keeping on your radar. You can also go meditate at their center in Manhattan!
14. Mindfulness Mode
The Mindfulness Mode Podcast is dedicated to helping you increase your calm, focus, and happiness, through mindfulness and meditation. This podcast features plenty of interviews and will help those with busy and stressful lives find a much-needed breakthrough meditation.
This podcast is offered by UCLA’s Hammer Museum. Each week they hold a guided meditation session and make them available online to those who listen to their podcast. Each podcast begins with an introduction, a guided meditation, time for silent practice, and closing comments.
Robert Thurman is one of the leading Buddhist scholars. He's also got a great, soothing voice (he's a pro). His podcast showcases segments of previous lectures he’s given. The best part about this podcast is that it’s readily accessible to those not familiar with Buddhism. He’s very straightforward, but always engaging.
17. A Quiet Mind
Robert Jackson, the host of A Quiet Mind, dispenses wisdom for those looking for a greater sense of peace, happiness, and wholeness. His podcast is a breath of fresh air and is a great listen for anyone who’s looking to improve their own lives.
The Simple Daily Podcast by Peggy Freeh is a great way to stay inspired on your meditation journey. This podcast features interviews with people of all walks of life who have experienced transformation from simple mindful activities.
19. Mindful Podcast
The Mindful Podcast is dedicated to all things mindfulness. In their podcast you’ll find everything you need to get started as a beginner meditator. They break down various practices and offer guided meditations to put all of that knowledge to use.
If you’re looking for the perfect dose of ambition and enlightenment, then check out this podcast. Hosted by Dan Harris, author of 10% Happier, this podcast features insightful interviews with guests ranging from bestselling authors, to entrepreneurs, to meditation teachers, and much more.
21. Rebel Guru Radio
Rebel Guru Radio is hosted by meditation teacher and spiritual author Eric Pepin. This podcast dives into topics like prana, energy, and spirituality. This podcast pushes the edges of spirituality and is a very engaging and mind-expanding listen. Interested in metaphysics? This podcast is a fun listen.
The Overwhelmed Brain will help listeners to overcome common maladies of the mind, like we talked about in class (distracted/antsy vs. dull/sleepy). If you’re prone to your overactive brain driving you crazy, this podcast can help.
23. All in the Mind
All in the Mind is a fascinating podcast from ABC for those looking for a greater understanding of the human mind and how that influences behavior. It’s not a meditation podcast per se, but having an increased understanding of how you operate and why you do the things that you do can always be beneficial.
Alan Watts was one of the most popular philosophers of the 20th century. This podcast is a series of lectures delivered by Alan Watts, and spans several facets of religion and spirituality. He’s always an engaging speaker.
Buddha at the Gas Pump is all about ordinary people who have experienced higher states of consciousness. Hosted by Rick Archer, this podcast is a mind-expanding listen and can give you a lot of inspiration along your own spiritual path.
26. Yoked Podcast
The Yoked Podcast by Kelly Sunrose is a very deep and interesting look into yoga and meditation. If you’re looking for an inside look into more esoteric practices and ideas surrounding yoga and meditation, then this is worth a listen.
27. On Being
On Being isn’t technically a meditation podcast. But, it’s a thing of pure beauty, so it had to be included in the list. I listen to this podcast every week. Krista Tippett navigates through life’s biggest questions in interviews with leading artists, teachers, theologians, and scientists. The sound of her voice is sweet buttery perfection. Every episode is a fascinating listen and you’re bound to learn something new about yourself and your place in this world.
The Greater Good Podcast is produced by UC Berkeley’s Greater Good Science Center and hosted by Michael Bergeisen. It shows how science can help us all live a more meaningful life. This podcast showcases half-hour interviews with leading thinkers on the topics of compassion, morality, and happiness.
Invisibilia is a very interesting podcast from NPR. The goal of this podcast is to look into the invisible forces of life that drive human behavior. It combines both narrative storytelling and scientific research for a very fascinating listen.
30. Audio Dharma
Audio Dharma is a podcast that features talks from Gil Fronsdal and other guests of the Insight Meditation Center. The goal of these talks are to illuminate different facets of the Buddha’s teachings. The purpose of the podcast is to help guide us to the end of suffering and attainment of freedom. If you’re looking for a deeper look into Buddhism and the practices surrounding it, then this podcast is a great place to start.
The Natural Meditation Podcast is hosted by Stephan Wormland who has an MA in clinical psychology and is trained in Gestalt therapy. He’s also practiced and studied various forms of Buddhist meditation for over 30 years, on top of being a monk in the Tibetan tradition for 11 years. Put simply, he knows his stuff. This podcast is filled with plenty of lectures, guided meditations, and other wisdom to help you along your spiritual path.
Meditation Station by Stin Hansen offers a series of guided meditations to help you step back from your busy mind and roaring train of thoughts.
Against the Stream is a podcast led by Noah Levine, author of Dharma Punx. This podcast features a series of dharma talks led by Noah and other teachers from the Against the Stream meditation center in Los Angeles.
This podcast features recent Dharma talks that are given at the Seattle Insight Meditation Society. The talks are from senior Western Zen and Vipassana teachers. If you’re interested in the Buddha’s teachings of compassion and wisdom, then check out this podcast.
The Dharmaseed Podcast is dedicated to spreading and preserving the teachings of Theravada Buddhism in the modern day. This podcast offers several talks on both insight and Metta meditation practices.
The Awake in the World Podcast offers a variety of different talks, from mindfulness and meditation, to solving mental health issues, to social change, and much more. Host Michael Stone combines spirituality with intellect to provide a truly immersive and useful experience.
America Meditating Radio Show is hosted by Sister Jenna, and provides listeners with inspiring ways to master the challenges of everyday life. This podcast features interviews with a wide range of speakers, celebrities, authors, and regular people sharing their own unique success stories.
Hay House Meditations features a series of guided meditations from your favorite spirituality authors. Each meditation is designed to help you relax and rejuvenate. This podcast covers a wide range of topics including, health, healing, and how to overcome your blocks and fears.
39. Inspire Nation
Inspire Nation is perfect for those looking for that added dose of motivation in their lives. This podcast covers a lot of ground and covers topics like, meditation, spirituality, and the law of attraction. You’ll also find interviews and guided meditations as well.
The Rubin Mindfulness Meditation podcast is hosted by the The Rubin Museum of Art. Every Wednesday you’ll find a new meditation session led by a prominent meditation teacher in the New York area. Visit the museum too, it's one of my favorites in NYC.
SOURCES FOR HERBS, OILS, SPICES
MOUNTAIN ROSE HERBS [ONLINE]
Organic medicinal herbs, spices, oils, extracts, essential oils, aromatherapy, herbal supplies and resources. The best and most comprehensive source.
RADICLE HERB SHOP [HERB SHOP]
Simple store offering organic dried herbs, teas, spices & extracts, plus herbal medicine classes.
394 Atlantic Ave, Brooklyn, NY 11217 | (718) 422-7981
FLOWER POWER HERBS & ROOTS INC [HERBAL MEDICINE STORE]
Shop stocking a vast collection of dried herbs & extracts for culinary, medicinal & beauty uses.
406 E 9th St, New York, NY 10009 | (212) 982-6664
SACRED VIBES APOTHECARY [HERB SHOP]
Small, laid-back storefront carrying a range of medicinal dried herbs, spices & herbal teas in bulk.
376 Argyle Rd, Brooklyn, NY 11218 | (718) 284-2890
LIN SISTER HERB [CHINESE MEDICINE STORE]
Snug, old-world herb shop offers traditional Chinese formulas & teas, plus acupuncture supplies.
4 Bowery, New York, NY 10013 | (212) 962-5417
KAMWO MERIDIAN HERBS [CHINESE MEDICINE STORE]
High quality products, along with professional resources and patient guides make this a one-of-a-kind pharmacy. On-staff doctors and specialists will help you find the treatment you need based entirely on diet and natural supplements. Also available are personal care products, home goods and massage equipment.
Kamwo Meridian Herbs, 211 Grand Street, New York, NY +1 212 966 6370
KALUSTYAN'S [SPICES, ONLINE + NYC]
Specialty market known for Indian & Mideastern spices, teas & other global food items, plus a cafe.
123 Lexington Ave, New York, NY 10016 | (800) 352-3451
LA BOÎTE À EPICES [ONLINE + NYC]
724 11th Avenue, New York, NY 10019 | 212-247-4407
THE SPICE HOUSE [ONLINE + LA/CHICAGO]
Spices, cooking herbs, seasonings. Great quality.
NOTE: you can get fresh and dried herbs, teas, and tinctures at the Union Square Greenmarket on 14th St in Manhattan :: Furnace Creek Farm on Wednesdays; and Tweefontein Herb Farm on Fridays.
It's true, i'm a book nerd with an mS in Information science. Here's my library:
Herbal Medicine for Women
BOTANICAL MEDICINE FOR WOMEN’S HEALTH BY AVIVA ROMM
A comprehensive resource of medical and herbal interventions related to women's health issues, Botanical Medicine for Women’s Health provides a unique combination of traditional and modern scientific data on herbal medicine. Written by Aviva Romm, MD, an experienced herbalist, physician, and midwife, this guide blends a clinician-sensitive and patient-centered approach to women’s health issues. Coverage of menstrual health, fertility, breast conditions, and more makes this an essential resource for everyday practice.
HERBAL HEALING FOR WOMEN BY ROSEMARY GLADSTAR
Comprehensive and easy-to-use, Herbal Healing for Women explains how to create remedies—including teas, tinctures, salves, and ointments—for the common disorders that arise in the different cycles of a woman's life. By explaining the properties of specific herbs and the art of preparation, Rosemary Gladstar demonstrates not only how to achieve healing through herbs but good health as well.
HEALING WISE BY SUSUN WEED
A classic herbal book that sets forth the foundations of the Wise Woman tradition and uniquely describes the personalities and uses of seven nourishing herbs.
THE COMPLETE WOMAN’S HERBAL BY ANNE MCINTYRE
A thorough reference book of simple and effective herbal remedies for health conditions and symptoms faced by women from puberty through menopause and elder years; beautiful plant profiles discuss history, energetics, chemistry, and uses to give a thorough picture of the plant.
THE NATURAL PREGNANCY BOOK BY AVIVA JILL ROMM
A comprehensive guide to pregnancy, the ailments a women may encounter, and dietary suggestions and herbal therapeutics to promote wellness and ease the journey.
WISE WOMAN HERBAL FOR THE CHILDBEARING YEAR BY SUSUN WEED
In the wise woman tradition, shares simple and safe herbal support prior to and during pregnancy to ease symptoms and promote health of mother and baby.
WOMEN, HORMONES, & THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE BY RUTH TRICKEY
Discusses common conditions and complex disorders women face from puberty through menopause and dives into the endocrine system and hormonal replacement therapy; offers information on allopathic treatments as well as dietary and herbal therapeutics; includes a materia medica organized by herbal actions.
DIY Herbal Medicine
This book has step-by-step instructions for making any kind of herbal preparation you could possibly think of. It also explains why you should do certain things, not just how, which is handy to know if you find yourself faced with the need to improvise. The Herbal Medicine Maker’s Handbook is extremely detail-oriented, but still very readable – Green is authoritative while still being lighthearted. A prime example of this is the chapter on herb jellos, an unexpected and surprisingly useful way to prepare herbs for kids – and one that he stumbled on quite by accident! The book also contains a brief overview of 30 plants that he and the other co-directors of the California School for Herbal Studies developed for use as part of the school’s curriculum.
This textbook is not for the faint of heart, but it provides an incredible amount of information on the more medical side of herbalism. This tome is a great resource if you are interested in learning the chemistry behind herbalism, as it explains the different types of chemical compounds and goes into great detail for pharmacology, toxicity, and safety issues, formulation, and chapters for treatment approach by body systems. An extensive materia medica with herbal profiles is included at the end. It’s a fascinating and extensive look at the scientific side of herbalism.
THE EARTHWISE HERBAL, VOLUMES 1 AND 2 BY MATTHEW WOOD
One of the most thorough resources on herbal materia medica available anywhere, The Earthwise Herbal details historical use of many herbs and includes Wood’s personal experiences in working with the herbs in his clinical practice. Volume One focuses on Old World, European plants, while Volume Two discusses the New World plants of North America. Wood has focuses on western herbalism and a more folk-style approach, but his books are an excellent resource for herbalists of any tradition. These references are valuable both for beginners and experienced herbalists alike, as they provide valuable insight and lesser known perspectives on many well-loved herbs.
One of the best volumes for folk herbalists searching for their path, the informal but detailed exploration of the art of herbalism in The Herbalist’s Way leaves you with the sense that you’ve spent the afternoon across from a wise elder, chatting as you both enjoyed tea. In fact, the authors highlight conversations with many herbalists throughout the book, so by the end of the book you have learned from the experiences of many others. This book explores how to become an herbalist and why – from an overview of the many possibilities, to finding your niche, legal aspects, and more.
MEDICINAL HERBS: A BEGINNER’S GUIDE: 33 HEALING HERBS TO KNOW, GROW, AND USE BY ROSEMARY GLADSTAR
In this introductory guide, Rosemary Gladstar shows you how easy it can be to make your own herbal remedies for life’s common ailments. Gladstar profiles 33 common healing plants and includes advice on growing, harvesting, preparing, and using herbs in healing tinctures, oils, and creams.
THE WAY OF CHINESE HERBS BY MICHAEL TIERRA
Informative yet easy-to-follow, details the uses of herbs used in Traditional Chinese Medicine and how to integrate them into daily life, includes recipes and formulas.
Foraging for Herbs
PETERSON’S FIELD GUIDE: EASTERN/CENTRAL MEDICINAL PLANTS AND HERBS BY STEVEN FOSTER AND JAMES A. DUKE
Geared toward the eastern and central United States and Canada; plant photos organized by color; text outlines plant traits, habitat, uses, and warnings for more than 530 important medicinal plants.
FOOD AS MEDICINE: THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF FOOD BY TODD CALDECOTT
Using the theories of Ayurveda and modern science, offers practical nutritional guidance (and recipes) to support individual wellness.
No herbal home should be without this delightful book, which provides simple and creative ways to use herbs in the kitchen. Detailed profiles of many common cooking herbs and spices explain how these often over-looked plants are useful for health. Delicious and unique recipes include cooking oils, seasoning salts and sprinkles, herbal honeys, cordials, and vinegars.
Herbal Medicine for Children
HERBAL HEALING FOR CHILDREN BY DEMETRIA CLARK
A practical guide, this book gives parents an introduction to herbalism and teaches them how to make simple herbal remedies for common childhood conditions.
NATURALLY HEALTHY BABIES AND CHILDREN BY AVIVA JILL ROMM
Offers easy-to-understand herbal and dietary recommendations for the common health conditions and symptoms children face as babies through pre-adolescence
HERBS FOR CHILDREN’S HEALTH BY ROSEMARY GLADSTAR
Recipes and instructions for making herbal remedies for common childhood ailments, offers clear dosing guidelines, and profiles 24 herbs especially suited for children.
Aromatherapy + Essential Oils
AROMATHERAPY: A COMPLETE GUIDE TO THE HEALING ART BY KATHI KEVILLE AND MINDY GREEN
In this encyclopedic guide to the most fragrant of healing arts, master aromatherapists Kathi Keville and Mindy Green draw on their extensive expertise with botanical therapies to provide a one-stop resource for students and practitioners.
A necessary resource for anyone interested in alternative approaches to healing and lifestyle, this new edition of Valerie's must have aromatherapy book contains more than 800 easy-to-follow recipes for essential oil treatments. This complete volume explains, in practical and easy-to-understand terminology, how to incorporate essential oils and aromatherapy into everyday life for personal care, physical, mental, and emotional health, and a safe home environment.
THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ESSENTIAL OILS: THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO THE USE OF AROMATIC OILS IN AROMATHERAPY, HERBALISM, HEALTH, AND WELL BEING BY JULIA LAWLESS
This is the definitive A-Z reference guide to essential oils commonly used in aromatherapy. In this detailed and systematic compilation of nearly 200 essential oils, aromatherapy expert Julia Lawless shares her extensive knowledge of oils both common and uncommon and their many uses. Easy to use, this volume lets you access information in a variety of ways with a therapeutic index, a botanical index, botanical classifications, and safety information.
THE ART OF FERMENTATION: AN IN-DEPTH EXPLORATION OF ESSENTIAL CONCEPTS AND PROCESSES FROM AROUND THE WORLDBY SANDOR ELLIX KATZ AND MICHAEL POLLAN
Winner of the 2013 James Beard Foundation Book Award for Reference and Scholarship, and a New York Times bestseller, The Art of Fermentation is the most comprehensive guide to do-it-yourself home fermentation ever published. Sandor Katz presents the concepts and processes behind fermentation in ways that are simple enough to guide a reader through their first experience making sauerkraut or yogurt, and in-depth enough to provide greater understanding and insight for experienced practitioners.
Thousands of years prove it, and Western science backs it: Meditation sharpens focus. Meditation lowers blood pressure, relieves chronic pain, reduces stress. Meditation helps us experience greater calm. Meditation connects us to our inner-most feelings and challenges our habits of self-judgment. Meditation helps protectthe brain against aging and improves our capacity for learning new things. Meditation opens the door to real and accessible happiness. And there's no better person to show a beginner how to harness the power of meditation than Sharon Salzberg, one of the world’s foremost meditation teachers and spiritual authors.
THE MIRACLE OF MINDFULNESS: AN INTRODUCTION TO THE PRACTICE OF MEDITATION BY THICH NHAT HANH AND VO-DIHN MAI
In this beautiful and lucid guide, Zen master Thich Nhat Hanh offers gentle anecdotes and practical exercise as a means of learning the skills of mindfulness--being awake and fully aware. From washing the dishes to answering the phone to peeling an orange, he reminds us that each moment holds within it an opportunity to work toward greater self-understanding and peacefulness.
SOURCES FOR BUYING ESSENTIAL OILS
Essential oils can be a great aromatic aid for enhancing your meditation practice.
Buy from a reliable source. Counterfeit oils are often toxic, and always diluted, and they can be dangerous to use. It takes 250 pounds of rose blossoms to produce one (1) ounce (30ml) of rose oil, which explains the very high cost of pure rose otto or rose absolute (Encyclopedia Brittanica, 2015.) Some oils are easier to produce, but every oil requires a large amount of plant matter to produce a small amount of oil. This means that good quality essential oils will never be cheap. This does not mean that more expensive oils will always be better than less expensive ones, but the old adage, “if it seems too good to be true, it probably is,” definitely applies here. Do not be fooled by discount retailers, big box stores, or random vendors who offer essential oils at very low prices or charge the same price for all of their oils. An essential oil business that cares about selling only pure essential oils will have their oils tested with at least two tests, usually run simultaneously, the gas chromatography and mass spectrometry tests, or GC/MS. Many offer the results of these on their website.
INDEPENDENT SUPPLIERS (LISTED ALPHABETICALLY):
Aromatics International – Batch-specific GC/MS reports for every oil posted on the website. Organic, unsprayed, and wildcrafted oils available in various sizes. Owned and run by certified aromatherapists.
Stillpoint Aromatics – Batch-specific GC/MS reports for every oil posted on the website. Organic, unsprayed, and wild-crafted oils available in various sizes. Company owned and run by certified aromatherapists.
Florihana – A modern French distillery that sells organic and wildcrafted essential oils. GC/MS and other test results are available on their website for each batch of oil.
Essential Elements – Organic, wildcrafted and unsprayed essential oils. GC/MS tests available upon request. Certified aromatherapist, massage therapists, and aesthetician on staff.
Essential 3 – Staff has clinical aromatherapists, a massage therapist, an aesthetician and an RN for customer support questions. Oils are GC/MS tested.
Plant Therapy – Certified aromatherapists on staff for customer support. Batch testing GC/MS results of pesticide-free oils on their website. Supports a broad variety of charitable organizations world-wide.
Pompeii Organics – Owned and operated by a certified aromatherapist. Organic and wild-crafted essential oils are third party tested for quality. Batch-specific GC/MS test results on the website.
Elizabeth Van Buren – Long-time established company owned by a certified aromatherapist and a chemist. GC/MS results available upon request.
AnimalEO – Owned by a holistic veterinarian who has studied the effects of essential oils on both livestock and pet animals. She acquires oils directly from distilleries to create animal-appropriate blends and dilutions.
Aura Cacia – Sustainably sourced essential oils that are often sold locally in health food stores. On the cheaper side, but still fine.
Mountain Rose Herbs – Dedicated to sustainability and fair trade. Organic and pesticide-free essential oils with GC/MS reports available upon request.